Greenland has a diverse wildlife population on land, in the sea and sky, despite the fact that an icecap covers 80% of the island.
Polar bears, muskoxen, humpback whales, walruses, sea eagles and reindeer are common species on the Arctic island. Despite the ice cap, Greenland’s wildlife has managed to gain a foothold in this magnificent place. Fjords do not pose a hurdle for land mammals, birds create their own highways, and ocean species are tied together through a global, borderless ecosystem.
Life beneath the Surface on your Greenland Cruise
Beneath the surface of the ocean, seal species, humpback whales and walruses live together in food-rich waters. Greenlandic marine dwellers are some of the world's most spectacular creatures, and they are not afraid to expose themselves to small expedition cruise crowds or bigger coastal sailings!
The whales of Greenland tend to steal the show; several species can be spotted frolicking and feasting in Greenland’s waters. Seeing such magnificent creatures right in front of you, whether they be killer whales on hunting sprees or fast narwhals zipping in between sea ice cracks, it is an experience you’ll remember.
Photo: Humpback whale tail almost submerged. Photo credit: Visit Greenland
Life beneath the surface of Greenland’s waters is unique. Along with walruses and whales, the ocean contains a variety of fish and shellfish. These are all a part of a larger food chain including Greenlandic inhabitants, as fishing is a main source of income in Greenland.
Arctic Wildlife from East to West Coast
The unique animal kingdom of Greenland consists not only of marine species but also a wide variety of land animals. At the west coast in the area around Kangerlussuaq, more than 10,000 animals graze in green mountains surrounded by inland ice. This is where the great musk ox live.
Along the west coast, as well as in large parts of the east coast, reindeer graze, and each year they migrate long distances between the interior and the coast in search of food.
Photo: A pair of musk oxen in summer. Photo credit: Visit Greenland
The polar bear is another well-known and magnificent animal found in and around Greenland. The iconic white-coated bear is especially common on the ice between land and sea. The beautiful polar bear hunts seals and birds from the sea ice around Northern and Eastern Greenland. It is one of the only bear species that doesn’t hibernate during winter, as it is used to the arctic winter weather.
When you explore the wildlife of Greenland, the birds are rare and beautiful as well. With varied species and unique names, Greenland is home to some of the most spectacular bird species in the world. White-tailed eagles, ravens, owls, guillemots and kittiwakes (a member of the gull family) are just some of the many incredible birds flying over the landscape, sea and mountains of Greenland.
Taking a Wildlife Adventure
In spite of the ice cap covering 80% of the total landmass in Greenland, ice has little impact on the wildlife, which has adapted to its frosty environment.
Since the first humans arrived in Greenland more than 4,000 years ago, dog sledding has been the number one means of transport. Even though it has in many places been replaced by motorized vehicles, it is still an option when traveling the winter landscape. The sleds have become a focal point of winter tourism and they are an obvious (and exciting!) choice when exploring Greenland.
Want to learn more about what to see and do in Greenland? Contact us to plan your Greenland expedition.