Image credit: Fokus
These are exciting times for polar adventurers! For the first time, Quark Expeditions is offering a land-based adventure to an Arctic destination. [Read More]
leave the family at home and please yourself by traveling on your own with Quark Expeditions, to one of the most remote (and fun) locations on Earth –Antarctica! [Read More]
Image credit: Fokus
High above the Arctic Circle, the inlet at the mouth of the river running through the barren tundra on Somerset Island, Nunavut, comes alive each summer. Pods of hundreds of beluga whales, from the air, resemble something out of a science fiction movie.
It's an almost unbelievable sight: close to 2,000 majestic white belugas, nicknamed "sea canaries" for their high-pitched whistles and clicking, play and parade for visitors at Arctic Watch Wilderness Lodge, a beluga whale watching hotspot.
Belugas are an Arctic whale species, distinct in their white color and absence of a dorsal fin. They live in the Arctic and subarctic waters along the northern coasts of Canada, Alaska, Russia, Norway and Greenland. Though their habitat of choice is certainly isolated, belugas are social and playful creatures with few natural predators.
Cunningham Inlet, at Somerset Island, Nunavut, is one of the best places on earth to watch belugas, which return every summer and stay until August. Whale watchers can get up close and personal with the creatures, often within mere feet while standing on the shoreline. They pay no mind to their snap-happy, camera-toting visitors – in fact, many even put on a show for their human friends.
What makes Cunningham Inlet such a hotspot for beluga whales? They come to mate, raise their young and bask in the Arctic midnight sun, but researcher David St. Aubin discovered a more compelling attraction for the wales. St. Aubin spent decades traveling back and forth from Cunningham Inlet to his work in the south and other research projects in the tropics. He was the first to document that a whale could moult and that this was the reason for the belugas’ attraction to Cunningham Inlet. Every July, he noted, they came to rub their old, yellowed skin in the shallows of the inlet, revealing the snow-white epidermis beneath. Belugas have incredibly thick skin, about ten times thicker than that of dolphins.
Experts estimate that approximately 72,000 to 144,000 belugas live in Canadian waters, between the Beaufort Sea in the western Arctic, Baffin Bay in the high Arctic, the eastern Arctic waterways including Hudson Bay, and in the St. Lawrence Estuary.
In summer, belugas gather for several weeks in estuaries, where a river and an ocean meet, and congregate in the warmer, shallow waters. In winter, they must stay with the open water, keeping ahead of shifting ice in order to maintain access to air.
Viewing belugas at Cunningham Inlet is a once in a lifetime opportunity, especially since they travel such great distances in deep water each spring and fall. Some migrations take the whales over 2000km, diving deep and often – typically up to 800 metres – for food.
Belugas arrive at Cunningham Inlet as soon as the first ice breaks, which is usually around the second week of July, and stay until mid-August. You'll see plenty of mothers with their newborn or yearling calves as well as a juvenile, who seems to serve as an attendant to the young family.
Research into beluga biology and behaviors continues at Cunningham Inlet, through the non-profit Arctic Watch Beluga Foundation. On top of scientific research, the foundation has created a unique research program for young adults, which invites young adults including Inuit youth from Nunavut to participate in research conducted by Mystic Aquarium.
Beluga watching from the shores of the Cunningham River, whether for research, photography, or recreation, is a unique and joyful experience. Our 10-day Arctic Watch Wilderness Lodge expedition gives you ample time and opportunity to sit alongside these incredible creatures and observe them in their natural Arctic habitat, just a 15-minute walk from the lodge.
Contact us to learn more about beluga watching at the top of the world in 2015 and beyond!
Travelers en route to the Arctic Watch Wilderness Lodge are first treated to a stop in Yellowknife. This vibrant, scenic city in Canada’s Northwest Territories serves as the gateway to the Arctic and offers a fantastic variety of activities, both outdoor and urban. Situated on the Canadian Shield and Great Slave Lake (the deepest lake in North America), Yellowknife is known as the aurora borealis viewing capital of the world and is the hub of the region’s oil and mining industries.
Feature image by Nansen Weber Photography
Landing ashore Somerset Island, Nunavut, some 500 miles above the Arctic Circle, is in itself a rare event only a handful of Arctic wilderness adventurists, photographers and researchers have had the privilege of experiencing firsthand. Already known as the premier site for observing beluga whales, Somerset Island is also home to the most beautiful and exotic land-based occupants of the extreme north, from Arctic foxes and hares to muskox and polar bears.
Exciting news! For the upcoming 2015 expedition seasons, Quark is very pleased to offer our first-ever land-based adventure. It's an Arctic experience like no other, 500 miles above the Arctic Circle at the family-owned and operated Arctic Watch Wilderness Lodge on Somerset Island, Nunavut.